Zong Zi is a traditional Chinese food. Westerners know it as rice dumpling, which is made of glutinous rice with different stuffings and wrapped in bamboo leaves. The most famous type in mainland China, Jiaxing Zong Zi, gets its name after an east coastal city. The filling is typically pork, but also can be Mung beans, red beans or salted duck eggs.
Zong Zi is a must-eat food on the Dragon Boat Festival, a statutory and traditional holiday in every middle May or early June. The festival is to honor an ancient patriotic poet called Qu Yuan, and Zong Zi has a touching story relating to patriotism.
Qu Yuan was originally an outstanding minister of the Chu Kingdom. Because of his advocacy of a foreign policy, as well as the slander from other jealous officials, he lost favor from the king, and became exiled. The exile was years of depression for Yuan, but during that period, he created a greatest type of poetry in which he expressed strong love for his motherland. Later on, with the expansion of Qin Kingdom, his country died out. After learning the bad news, Yuan ended up drowning himself in the Miluo River. In order to keep fish and evil spirits away from eating his body, people beat drums, and threw Zong Zi into the river to distract the fish. From then on, eating Zong Zi and sailing the dragon boat became a tradition in honor of Yuan’s death.
Nowadays, the ancient Chinese tradition has faced modernization challenge. Back in 2004, the Republic of Korea applied for making the Dragon Boat Festival its own world cultural heritage. The news soon sparked great disputes between the two nations. The Chinese started to realize the young generation’s neglect of tradition. Thus, the Chinese government rearranged the legal holidays and the activity system. However, it still takes huge endeavor to grab people’s attention back to the protection of ancient tradition.